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Official Journal of the Human Genome Organisation

The HUGO Journal Cover Image

Table 4 Presence of coded article features by generic terminology used

From: The use of race, ethnicity and ancestry in human genetic research

Total sample set, N = 170 Race and ethnicity N = 80 (47.1%) Ancestry N = 38 (22.4%) Other N = 52 (30.6%) P value by chi sq
Variables coded
Basic features
 Hypothesis 79 (98.8%) 38 (100%) 52 (100%) 0.568
 Limitations 43 (55.1%) 16 (45.7%) 28 (53.8%) 0.319
 Sample origin 75 (93.8%) 37 (97.4%) 51 (98.1%) 0.413
Reason for using population
 Why populations 60 (75.0%) 17 (44.7%) 36 (69.2%) 0.004*
 Why this population 55 (68.8%) 23 (60.5%) 38 (73.1%) 0.372
 Basis for assigning population label 71 (88.8%) 35 (92.1%) 44 (84.6%) 0.542
 Use of empirical genomic methods 44 (55.0%) 25 (65.8%) 19 (36.5%) 0.017*
 Defines generic ‘race and ethnicity’ or ‘ancestry’ 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)  
 Defines specific population label 51 (63.8%) 24 (63.2%) 27 (51.9%) 0.361
Ways of using populations in research     
 Label for study population only 34 (43.0%) 21 (56.8%) 27 (51.9%) 0.352
 Independent variable 46 (58.2%) 17 (45.9%) 24 (46.2%) 0.296
 Dependent variable 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.9%) 0.319
 DNA with a label 14 (17.5%) 3 (7.9%) 6 (11.5%) 0.319
General article field of interest
 Population genetics 10 (12.5%) 1 (2.6%) 15 (28.8%) 0.002*
 Medical 68 (85%) 32 (84.2%) 27 (51.9%) <0.001*
 Methods 1 (1.3%) 2 (5.3%) 6 (11.5%) 0.036*
 Non-medical 1 (1.3%) 3 (7.9%) 4 (7.7%) 0.134
 P value by chi sq for terminology used within field of interest <0.001* <0.001* <0.001*  
  1. * Indicates statistically significant difference, P < 0.05